Flood in Assam_(Essay)

FLOOD IN ASSAM The overflowing of water what is beyond usual is called Flood. Among the Indian states, Assam is one of the most f...



FLOOD IN ASSAM

The overflowing of water what is beyond usual is called Flood. Among the Indian states, Assam is one of the most flood-prone states. From time immemorial Assam has been being affected pathetically by flood. It is spontaneous natural calamity of the state.

  • CAUSES OF FLOOD

Many resources are responsible for the flood in Assam.


  1. First, the heavy rain caused by the Monsoon may be called the main cause of flood in Assam.
  2. Secondly, Assam is a land of hills and mountains, rivers and rivulets. In the Summer Season snows in the mountains, especially in the Himalayas melt and provide with over water to the Brahmaputra and its tributaries.
  3. Thirdly, the defective system of embankment and drainage and the roads with inadequate bridges and culverts of Assam also cause floods.


  • BAD EFFECTS

The effects of flood in Assam are far reaching. It destroys crops, ponds, orchards and thousands of houses. It damages roads, bridges, railways causing disruption to the transport and communication. As a result it makes the people of Assam suffer indescribable miseries.

  • RELIEF MEASURES

Flood affects the people of Assam every year and every year relief measures are taken both by the Government and the voluntary organizations. But such measures are like a chilli in a basketful of cabbage. The little relief given by the Government does not get at the affected public; instead it goes to the selfish belly of the corrupted officials.

  • ATTEMPTS TO CONTROL FLOOD

To control monstrous flood in Assam the Government must take some permanent measures, as-


  1. First, the mighty Brahmaputra must be damned scientifically so that its water resources can be utilized for other works.
  2. Secondly, the embankments must be constructed scientifically and very strongly so that flood can not flow in the fields.
  3. Thirdly, the natural outlets should be improved. The building of dams and water reservoirs may also help in controlling flood.


  • CONCLUSION

If the flow of water which causes great flood in Assam can be controlled, then Assam will contribute much to the economy of India and then Assam would smile upon the world as a healthful region of the earth.

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