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Have you ever wonder what Mobile cellular technology is?




Mobile wireless technologies could be a system employed by radiotelephone makers and repair suppliers to classify wireless communication into many generations, every generation is characterised by new frequency bands, higher data rates and non–backward compatible transmission technology.in recent past mobile wireless technologies have undergone technology evolution from 0G TO 4G.



Mobile cellular technology and it's generation


  1. Zero generation (0G)
  2. First generation (1G)
  3. Second generation (2G)
  4. 2.5 generation (2.5G.)
  5. 2.75 generation (2.75G)
  6. Third generation (3G)
  7. Fourth generation (4G)
  8. Fifth generation (5G)


  • 1. Zero generation (0G)

This is the generation that came before cell phones mobile telecom technology. They were introduced before the primary generation of cellular telephones, so tagged zero generation systems. Such technologies embody radio telephones principally employed in cars. Mobile radio phone systems came before fashionable cellular mobile telecom technology.


  • 2. First generation (1G)

The first commercially machine-controlled cellular network (1G) was launched within the year 1979 in Japan. This forms the primary generation of cell phones, tagged as analog cell phones. It was used for voice communications and cordless. This phase of technology used a technology called Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS).

Advanced movable System was frequency modulated and used frequency division multiple access (FDMA). The distinction between the primary and former technology of mobile phones was the utilization of multiple cell sites, and also the ability to transfer calls from one web site to the next as the user traveled between cells during a conversation.


  • 3. Second generation (2G)

The second generation wireless mobile communication system was introduced within the Eighties.This generation was very imperative since it forms the start of digital cellular technology. Makes use of digital signals for voice transmission, has a higher bandwidth (30-200 KHz).and above all supports services such as short message services (SMS), picture messages and multimedia message services (MMS). SMS text electronic messaging became attainable and widely used, ab initio supported by international System. for Mobile Communication (GSM) networks and eventually on all digital networks.

Use of SMS these days could be a communication principally most popular by the youths. Also several advanced markets the final public prefers causing text messages instead of putting voice calls. The second generation introduction saw several communication edges and among them are, Digital signals require to consume less battery power, so it helps mobile batteries to last long.

Digital secret writing improves the voice clarity and reduces noise within the line whereas conversing, therefore interruptions in are widely reduced. Digital signals are considered environment-friendly.

Digital coding has provided secrecy and safety to the info and voice calls, therefore, security is improved. Security could be a key issue that has been the most concern to each cellular technology user.


  • 4. 2.5 generation (2.5G.)

This cellular wireless technology was developed once the 2G and before the 3G.this technology wasn't in style among the overall public because it saw fewer enhancements.it primarily used GPRS (General Packet Radio Service).

GPRS could provide data rates and can also be used for services such as Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) access, Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS), and for Internet communication services such as email and World Wide Web access.


  • 5. 2.75 generation (2.75G)

This technology is largely labeled because the EDGE (Enhanced information rates for GSM Evolution) .some benefits embrace, it permits the clear and quick transmission of knowledge and knowledge speed (up to 384kbit/s).

Generally, the unfold of and also the use of 2G phones became a lot of widespread and folks began to use mobile phones in their day to day lives, this junction rectifier to high demand for information services (for example, access to the internet) and bigger information speeds. Therefore this saw a need to introduce a better performance cellular technology and therefore 3G was introduced to cater for such demands.


  • 6. Third generation (3G)

This generation of wireless mobile communication technology system was introduced within the year 2000. The objective is to supply inflated information rates (from 144kbps to384kbps) in wide coverage areas and 2Mbps in native coverage areas.

This technology is incredibly improved compared to 1G,2G, together with language it includes information services, access to television/videos, internet browsing, e-mail, video conferencing, paging, fax and navigational maps. It has a high information measure (of 15-20MHz) used for high-speed web, video chatting.

3G technology revolution saw an excellent transformation within the trade for the primary time, 3G technology enabled media streaming of radio and even TV content. Later different versions were introduced as 3G improvement these area unit, 3.5G and 3.75G however not wide in style.


  • 7. Fourth generation (4G)

This technology was introduced after the third generation. The main objective of 4G technology was to produce high speed, top quality, high capacity, security and low-cost services for voice and data services, multimedia and internet over internet protocol. 4G could be a nice technology therein it's optimized information with high-speed improvement, a lot of information measures, high-quality video and audio streaming over finish to finish web Protocol.

One of the most ways in which during which 4G take issue from 3G was by doing away with circuit change, rather than using associate all web protocol network. Another advantage of 4G is that, apart from the usual voice and other services of 3G technology, 4G provides mobile broadband Internet access, example to laptops with wireless modems, smartphones, and other mobile devices.
Most outstanding current applications of 4G, embrace amended mobile internet access, web protocol(IP) telephone, vice services, high-definition mobile TV, video conferencing, 3D(dimension) tv, and cloud computing.



  • 8. Fifth generation (5G)

This is the generation which is under development. Majorly are associate improvement from the 4G technology. The following square measure some characteristics and necessities expected to be connected with the discharge of the 5G as outlined by Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance. Data rates of many tens of Mb/s ought to be supported for tens of thousands of users, many many thousands of synchronic connections to be supported for large detector deployments among others.

This alliance feels that 5G ought to be introduced out by 2020 to satisfy business and shopper demands. Major improvements expected on 5G are, Provide large broadcasting of data in Gigabit, use different modulation techniques and error-control techniques, provides hundreds of channels without streaming, technology support for virtual network, offers bi-directional bandwidth and less traffic among others.

Cellular mobile technology has improved over the years to satisfy totally different shopper necessities. This has greatly influenced day to day communication way of lives.

About Author Mohamed Abu 'l-Gharaniq

when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries.

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