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What is HTML?

  What is HTML ? HTML  (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a document-layout and hyperlink-specification language. HTML fil...



 


What is HTML ?

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a document-layout and hyperlink-specification language. HTML files mostly have an .html or .htm extension. Hypertext is a special kind of text. It is not sequential like in a book. If you quickly want to look up something in a book you look at the index or table of contents. Hypertext is much more effective in that respect. You can connect words and pictures to other pages. Pointing your mouse there will lead you to those pages, that may reside on a web server on the other side of the world. This (hyper) linking is the main power of the Web.


Markup comes from the world of printing. It tells the typesetter how to put text and images on a page that will be printed. It contains directions on fonts, character size, spacing, white areas on the page etc. HTML pretty much does the same, only replacing the typesetter with your browser. In short, HTML is the language that tells the browser how to display hypertext contents of the document including text, images, and other support media. The language also tells you how to make a document interactive through special hypertext links, which connect your document with other documents - on either your computer or someone else's, as well as with other Internet resources, like FTP (File Transfer Protocol).




HTML Standards and Extensions:

The basic syntax and semantics of HTML are defined in the HTML standard, currently Version 4.0. Given the pace of these standards matters, one never knows when or if a new standard version will come to fruition. Browser developers rely upon the HTML standard to program the software that formats and displays common HTML documents. Authors use the standard to make sure they are writing effective, correct HTML documents. Nonetheless, commercial forces have pushed developers to add into their browsers-Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer, in particular - nonstandard extensions meant to improve the language. Many times, these extensions are implementations of future standards still under debate. Extensions can foretell future standards because so many people use them. In this book, we explore in detail the syntex, semantics, and idioms of HTML Version 4.0


Standards Organizations:

Like many popular technologies, HTML started out as an informal specification used by only a few people. As more and more authors began to use the language, it became obvious that more formal means were needed to define and manage - to standardize - HTML's features, making it easier for everyone to create and share documents


The International Organization for Standardization:

HTML gets its root from SGML-The Standard Generalized Markup Language, which The International Organization for Standardization released ISO 8879, a paper entitled "Information Processing- Text and Office Systems- Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)" in 1986. It contained a paper outlining SGML. This was the first time an international standard for a text-based set of document markup codes were defined. This ISO standard went unused for about three years, until Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland, outlined a proposal in 1989 for a hypertext document system and formed W3C.


The International Organization for Standardization:

HTML gets its root from SGML-The Standard Generalized Markup Language, which The International Organization for Standardization released ISO 8879, a paper entitled "Information Processing- Text and Office Systems- Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)" in 1986. It contained a paper outlining SGML. This was the first time an international standard for a text-based set of document markup codes were defined. This ISO standard went unused for about three years, until Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland, outlined a proposal in 1989 for a hypertext document system and formed W3C.




The World Wide Web Consortium:






The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was formed with the charter to define the standard versions of HTML. Members are responsible for drafting, circulating for review, and modifying the sandand based on cross-Internet feedback to best meet the needs of the many. Beyond HTML, the W3C has the broader responsibility of standardizing any technology related to the World Wide Web; they manage the HTTP standard, as well as related standards for document addressing on the Web. And they solicit draft standards for extensions to existing web technologies, such as imemationalizacion of the HTML standard.


The Internet Engineering Task Force:




Even broader in reach than W3C, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is responsible for defining and managing every aspect of Internet technology. The World Wide Web is just one small part under the purview of the IETF. The IETF defines all of the technology of the Internet via official documents known as Requests For Comment, or RFCs. Individually numbered for easy reference; each RFC addresses a specific Internet Technology-everything from the syntax of domain names and the allocation of IP addresses to the format of electronic mail messages.

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CBSE,1,Essay Writing,7,G.K & Current Affairs,7,Information & Technology,21,Letter Writing,8,News Letter,10,Passage Writing,3,Report Writing,2,SEBA,1,
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